ADOPA

Contacto

C/ Santiago 702, Zona Universitaria, República Dominicana

Redes sociales

Publicado: 04/21/2024

DOI: https://doi.org/10.58994/adopa.v2i1.32

Determinación de la menarquia en niñas de 9 a 14 años en una población rural de la zona sur de República Dominicana

Cómo citar

1.
Fernández Fajardo N, Paulino Sánchez MI, Richardson Frías K, Solís Minaya RDC. Determinación de la menarquia en niñas de 9 a 14 años en una población rural de la zona sur de República Dominicana. ADOPA. 2024;2(1):43-52. Disponible en: http://adopa.pediatriadominicana.org/index.php/adopa/article/view/32

Resumen

Introduction: Menarche is a significant hormone-mediated event that initiates the repro- ductive cycle of every girl. The age of onset is associated with multiple subsequent health repercussions. In order to determine the presence of menarche in a group of girls in a rural community, the following question was established: How many girls between 9 and 14 years old have had their first menstruation in the community of Mata Gorda, Baní, Peravia, Domi- nican Republic, during the period August-September 2023?

Objectives: To determine the presence of menarche in girls aged 9 to 14 years in the commu- nity of Mata Gorda, Baní, Peravia, Dominican Republic, during the period August-September 2023; and to relate it with weight, height and body mass index (BMI) by age.

Methodology: In an observational, prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study, girls attending three schools in the community were evaluated. A data collection form developed by the authors was used, as well as a digital scale and a stadiometer to obtain the anthropo- metric variables and the age at menarche was determined by the status quo method.

Results: The mean age of the girls evaluated was 10.55±1.71, the age of menarche in girls was between 12 and 13 years old, with a mean age of 12.35±1.49. At the age of menarche, the weight was between 42.43 and 47.96 kg, the heights were between 157.6 and 162 cm, and the body mass index for age was between 17.07 kg/m² and 18.2 kg/m².

Conclusions: In this population, 50% of the girls had already had their first menstruation between the ages of 12 and 13. Weight, height and BMI increases as the age of menarche approaches.

Abstract

Introduction: Menarche is a significant hormone-mediated event that initiates the repro- ductive cycle of every girl. The age of onset is associated with multiple subsequent health repercussions. In order to determine the presence of menarche in a group of girls in a rural community, the following question was established: How many girls between 9 and 14 years old have had their first menstruation in the community of Mata Gorda, Baní, Peravia, Domi- nican Republic, during the period August-September 2023?

Objectives: To determine the presence of menarche in girls aged 9 to 14 years in the commu- nity of Mata Gorda, Baní, Peravia, Dominican Republic, during the period August-September 2023; and to relate it with weight, height and body mass index (BMI) by age.

Methodology: In an observational, prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study, girls attending three schools in the community were evaluated. A data collection form developed by the authors was used, as well as a digital scale and a stadiometer to obtain the anthropo- metric variables and the age at menarche was determined by the status quo method.

Results: The mean age of the girls evaluated was 10.55±1.71, the age of menarche in girls was between 12 and 13 years old, with a mean age of 12.35±1.49. At the age of menarche, the weight was between 42.43 and 47.96 kg, the heights were between 157.6 and 162 cm, and the body mass index for age was between 17.07 kg/m² and 18.2 kg/m².

Conclusions: In this population, 50% of the girls had already had their first menstruation between the ages of 12 and 13. Weight, height and BMI increases as the age of menarche approaches.

Referencias

Lee HS. Why should we be concerned about early menarche? Clin Exp Pediatr [Internet]. 2021;64(1):26–7. Disponible en: http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/cep.2020.00521

Lacroix AE, Gondal H, Shumway KR, Langaker MD. Physiology, Menarche. StatPearls Publishing; 2023. Disponible en: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470216/

Forman MR, Mangini LD, Thelus-Jean R, Hayward MD. Life-course origins of the ages at menarche and menopause. Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2013 Jan 18;4:1-21. doi: 10.2147/AHMT.S15946

Valdés Gómez W, Espinosa Reyes T, Álvarez de la Campa GL. Menarquia y factores asociados. Rev Cuba Endocrinol [Internet]. 2013;24(1):35–46. Disponible en: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1561-29532013000100004

García G. Menarquia: Relación entre la edad del primer embarazo y el índice de desarrollo humano en diez países de América Latina [Internet]; 2020. Disponible en: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Arturo-Orozco-Vargas/publication/348716907_Menarquia_su_relacion_con_la_edad_del_primer_embarazo_y_el_indice_de_desarrol_lo_humano_en_ diez_paises_de_America_Latina/links/600c8ef992851c13fe3213c1/M enarquia-su-relacion-con-la-edad-del-primer-embarazo-y-el-indice-dedesarrollo-hum ano-en-diez-paises-de-America-Latina.pdf

Fuhrman BJ, Moore SC, Byrne C, Makhoul I, Kitahara CM, Berrington de González A, et al. Association of the age at menarche with site-specific cancer risks in pooled data from nine cohorts. Cancer Res [Internet]. 2021;81(8):2246–55. Disponible en: http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472can-19-3093.

Bubach S, Horta BL, Gonçalves H, et al. Early age at menarche and metabolic cardiovascular risk factors: mediation by body composition in adulthood. [Internet]. Sci Rep. 2021;11:148 Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-80496-7

Eun J, Woon H, Jeong Y, et al. Early-life exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and pubertal development in girls [Internet]; 2019. Disponible en: https://e-apem.org/m/journal/view.php?doi=10.6065/apem.2019.24.2.78

Mancebo P, Contreras C, Perez E, Molina E, Contreras A, Morla E. Age of menarche of Dominican girls. Arch Domin Pediatr [Internet]. 1990;26(1). Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12291426/

Lalys L, Pineau J-C. Age at menarche in a group of French schoolgirls: Age at menarche in French schoolgirls. Pediatr Int [Internet]. 2014;56(4):601–4. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.12296

Yermachenko A, Dvornyk V. Nongenetic determinants of age at menarche: a systematic review. Biomed Res Int. 2014: 371583. doi: 10.1155/2014/371583.

Muñoz M. Trastornos menstruales en la adolescencia. Rev chil pediatra. 1999;70(3). doi: 10.4067/S0370-41061999000300016.

Karapanou O, Papadimitriou A. Determinants of menarche. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:115. doi: 10.1186/1477-7827-8-115

Curell Aguilà N. Normalidad y alteraciones de la menstruación en adolescentes. Pediatr Integral. 2013;XVII(3):161-70.

Mancebo P, Cristina C, Pérez E, Molina E, Morla E. Conocimientos y Actitudes sobre la Menstruación en el Distrito Nacional. Rev Med Dom. 1991;52(1):33-40.

Licencia

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.